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Peptides. 2012 Sep;37(1):128-37. doi: 10.1016/j.peptides.2012.06.011. Epub 2012 Jun 28.

Extensive proteomic profiling of the secretome of European community acquired methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus clone.

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Department of Structural Pathology, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Niigata University, Niigata, Japan.


European community acquired methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) clone remains a striking pathogenic clone spreading in European and Mediterranean countries. Since analysis of the secretome produced from this clone by proteomics could provide a comprehensive picture of both core exoproteins as well as virulence factors, we applied two proteomic approaches, pre-fractionation of proteins on SDS-PAGE followed by in-gel trypsin digestion, and in-solution trypsin-digestion followed by off-line SCX fractionation, both of which were coupled with LC-MS/MS analyses. A total of 174 distinct proteins were identified with a high-confidence. Functional classification of these identified proteins resulted in16.09% of protein synthesis, 13.79% of virulence, 6.89% of toxin, and 17.24% of unknown function. Prediction of their cellular localizations revealed 18.39% in extracellular space, 36.20% in cytoplasm, 5.17% in cytoplasmic membranes, 6.89% in cell wall, 1.14% in multiple localizations, and 32.18% in unknown localization. Among them, 52% proteins were predicted to be secreted through signal peptide-independent pathways. Most notably, the expression of some proteins such as enterotoxins U and B were identified for the first time in this clone.

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