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Toxicon. 2012 Oct;60(5):919-33. doi: 10.1016/j.toxicon.2012.06.002. Epub 2012 Jun 26.

Scorpion sting in Iran: a review.

Author information

1
Department of Environment Health, Kashan University of Medical sciences, Kashan, Islamic Republic of Iran. dehghani37@yahoo.com

Abstract

Among Middle Eastern countries, at least 52 species of scorpions, especially dangerous types, have been reported in Iran. This is more than any other country in the region. In addition, in Iran the recorded scorpion stings from 2001 to 2009 were more than 42,500 per year, of which, approximately 19.5 deaths have been reported each year, mostly in spring and summer. About 10 species are responsible for the reported envenoming which belong to the Buthidae family apart from Hemiscorpius lepturus which is a Hemiscorpiidae. The Buthidae family includes: Androctonus crassicauda, Mesobuthus eupeus, Odontobuthus doriae, Hottentotta saulcyi, Hottentotta schach, Compsobuthus matthiesseni, Orthochirus scrobiculosus, Apistobuthus pterygocercus and Olivierus caucasicus. A. crassicauda and H. lepturus are usually cited as the most dangerous species among Iranian scorpions. This article focuses on the main Iranian scorpions and their geographical distribution, especially those which are medically important and considered to be the more dangerous to human, and also attempts to demonstrate an accurate magnitude of scorpion stings in Iran.

PMID:
22750221
DOI:
10.1016/j.toxicon.2012.06.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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