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FEBS Lett. 2012 Jul 30;586(16):2555-62. doi: 10.1016/j.febslet.2012.06.034. Epub 2012 Jun 29.

Exogenous and endogenous ghrelin counteracts GLP-1 action to stimulate cAMP signaling and insulin secretion in islet β-cells.

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Division of Integrative Physiology, Department of Physiology, Jichi Medical University School of Medicine, Yakushiji 3311-1, Shimotsuke, Tochigi 329-0498, Japan.


We studied interactive effects of insulinotropic GLP-1 and insulinostatic ghrelin on rat pancreatic islets. GLP-1 potentiated glucose-induced insulin release and cAMP production in isolated islets and [Ca(2+)](i) increases in single β-cells, and these potentiations were attenuated by ghrelin. Ghrelin suppressed [Ca(2+)](i) responses to an adenylate cyclase activator forskolin. Moreover, GLP-1-induced insulin release and cAMP production were markedly enhanced by [D-lys(3)]-GHRP-6, a ghrelin receptor antagonist, in isolated islets. These results indicate that both exogenous and endogenous islet-derived ghrelin counteracts glucose-dependent GLP-1 action to increase cAMP production, [Ca(2+)](i) and insulin release in islet β-cells, positioning ghrelin as a modulator of insulinotropic GLP-1.

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