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Bone. 2012 Sep;51(3):459-65. doi: 10.1016/j.bone.2012.05.023. Epub 2012 Jun 28.

Mechanotransduction in bone tissue: The A214V and G171V mutations in Lrp5 enhance load-induced osteogenesis in a surface-selective manner.

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Department of Anatomy & Cell Biology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA.


Mechanotransduction in bone requires components of the Wnt signaling pathway to produce structurally adapted bone elements. In particular, the Wnt co-receptor LDL-receptor-related protein 5 (LRP5) appears to be a crucial protein in the mechanotransduction cascades that translate physical tissue deformation into new bone formation. Recently discovered missense mutations in LRP5 are associated with high bone mass (HBM), and the altered function of these proteins provide insight into LRP5 function in many skeletal processes, including mechanotransduction. We further investigated the role of LRP5 in bone cell mechanotransduction by applying mechanical stimulation in vivo to two different mutant mouse lines, which harbor HBM-causing missense mutations in Lrp5. Axial tibia loading was applied to mature male Lrp5 G171V and Lrp5 A214V knock-in mice, and to their wild type controls. Fluorochrome labeling revealed that 3 days of loading resulted in a significantly enhanced periosteal response in the A214V knock in mice, whereas the G171V mice exhibited a lowered osteogenic threshold on the endocortical surface. In summary, our data further highlight the importance of Lrp5 in bone cell mechanotransduction, and indicate that the HBM-causing mutations in Lrp5 can alter the anabolic response to mechanical stimulation in favor of increased bone gain.

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