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Ther Drug Monit. 1990 Nov;12(6):525-32.

Toxicity of cyclosporine metabolites.

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Department of Clinical Chemistry, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada.


Eight cyclosporine (CsA) metabolites were isolated from the urine of renal transplant recipients. The structure and purity of the metabolites were characterized by fast atom bombardment/mass spectroscopy as well as by proton and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance. The in vitro toxicity of the metabolites were tested using a porcine renal epithelial cell line (LLC-PK1). None of the metabolites was as effective as CsA in inhibiting cell growth and DNA, RNA, or protein synthesis, with the majority of them exhibiting activity less than 10% of that of CsA when the IC50 (the concentration required for 50% inhibition of that particular metabolic function) values were compared. The exception to this was the demethylated metabolite M-21, which exhibited a potency of 17-50% of CsA for the various metabolic parameters examined. The results suggest that the immunosuppressive activity of metabolites may be dissociated from their toxicity. Morphologically, CsA and the metabolite M-21 resulted in changes consistent with the vacuolization seen in tubular cells exposed to CsA in vivo. In contrast, M-17 up to the maximum concentration tested (25,000 micrograms/L) was found not to cause such changes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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