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Bioorg Med Chem. 2012 Aug 1;20(15):4737-43. doi: 10.1016/j.bmc.2012.06.009. Epub 2012 Jun 9.

Synthesis and evaluation of the quorum sensing inhibitory effect of substituted triazolyldihydrofuranones.

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Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Microbiology, Ghent University, Harelbekestraat 72, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium.


Acylhomoserine lactone (AHL) analogues in which the amide function is replaced by a triazole group were synthesized and evaluated for their effect on quorum sensing (QS) and biofilm formation in Burkholderia cenocepacia and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. In addition, the influence of the length of the acyl-mimicking chain was investigated. The compounds showed selectivity between two different AHL QS systems. 3-(1H-1,2,3-Triazol-1-yl)dihydrofuran-2(3H)-ones, in which the 4-substituent best resembled the acyl chain of the native AHL molecule exhibited significant QS agonistic and antagonistic activities. Replacing this aliphatic substituent by a phenyl-containing moiety resulted in active inhibitors of QS. The most active compounds showed biofilm inhibitory as well as biofilm eradicating activities in both test organisms.

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