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PLoS One. 2012;7(6):e39020. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0039020. Epub 2012 Jun 20.

Formal public health education and career outcomes of medical school graduates.

Author information

  • 1Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America. mawood@tulane.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Few data are available evaluating the associations of formal public health education with long-term career choice and professional outcomes among medical school graduates. The objective of this study was to determine if formal public health education via completion of a masters of public health (MPH) degree among US medical school graduates was associated with early and long-term career choice, professional satisfaction, or research productivity.

METHODS:

We conducted a retrospective cohort study in 1108 physicians (17.1% completed a MPH degree) who had 10-20 years of follow-up post medical school graduation. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were conducted.

RESULTS:

Compared to their counterparts with no MPH, medical school graduates with a MPH were more likely to have completed a generalist primary care residency only [relative risk (RR) 1.79, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.35-2.29], obtain employment in an academic institution (RR 1.81; 95% CI 1.33-2.37) or government agency (RR 3.26; 95% CI 1.89-5.38), and practice public health (RR 39.84; 95% CI 12.13-107.38) or primary care (RR 1.59; 95% CI 1.18-2.05). Furthermore, medical school graduates with a MPH were more likely to conduct public health research (RR 8.79; 95% CI: 5.20-13.82), receive NIH or other federal funding (RR 3.11, 95% CI 1.74-5.33), have four or more peer-reviewed publications (RR 2.07; 95% CI 1.56-2.60), and have five or more scientific presentations (RR 2.31, 95% CI 1.70-2.98).

CONCLUSION:

Formal public health education via a MPH was associated with career choice and professional outcomes among physicians.

PMID:
22745699
PMCID:
PMC3380037
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0039020
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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