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Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2012 Dec 15;59(7):1206-10. doi: 10.1002/pbc.24242. Epub 2012 Jun 28.

The role of 18F-FDG PET/CT in the metabolic characterization of lung nodules in pediatric patients with bone sarcoma.

Author information

1
Positron Emission Tomography IRMET S.p.A., Turin, Italy. a.cistaro@irmet.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The principal aim of this study was to identify the lowest nodule diameter and the SUV(max) capable of characterizing lung nodules in pediatric patients with bone sarcoma.

PROCEDURE:

Eighteen consecutive bone sarcoma patients (M/F = 11:7; mean age 14 years) with suspicious lung lesions at CT were enrolled. Overall, 63 lung nodules with a mean diameter of 3.35 mm (range 1.2-39.8 mm) were investigated. (18) F-FDG PET was performed according to standard procedure using a hybrid PET/CT system and results were compared with histology and/or clinical/radiological follow-up. For each lesion, we evaluated SUV(max) , SUV(ratio) to the mediastinal blood pool and maximum nodule diameter.

RESULTS:

Of the 63 nodules, 32 proved to be benign and 31 malignant. On a visual basis, (18) F-FDG PET had an accuracy of 88.9%, a sensitivity of 90.3%, a specificity of 87.5%, a PPV of 87.5%, and a NPV of 90.3%. ROC curve analysis of SUV(max) for all nodules showed a value around 1 (>1.09) to be capable of differentiating metastases from benign lesions: sensitivity and specificity were 90.3% and 93.8%, respectively (accuracy 92.1%). Similar analysis revealed a cut-off value around 1 (>0.83) for SUV(ratio) (sensitivity and specificity were 90.3% and 90.6%, respectively) and a cut-off value of ca. 6 mm (>5.8 mm) for nodule diameter (sensitivity and specificity of 90.3% and 81.3%, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS:

(18) F-FDG PET/CT is an accurate modality for the metabolic characterization of lung nodules in the pediatric population with bone sarcoma, and a SUV(max) (or SUV(ratio) ) >1 is capable of discriminating malignant from benign lesions.

PMID:
22745027
DOI:
10.1002/pbc.24242
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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