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Oncol Lett. 2012 Apr 1;3(4):885-892. Epub 2012 Jan 16.

Effect of siRNA-mediated downregulation of VEGF in Tca8113 cells on the activity of monocyte-derived dendritic cells.

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1
Central Laboratory of Stomatology, Nanjing Stomatological Hospital, Institute and Hospital of Nanjing Medical School, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210008, P.R. China.

Abstract

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a tumor angiogenesis factor that is important in immune regulation. In our previous study, we found that VEGF expression in the peripheral blood and neoplasm nest from patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) was positively correlated with the course of disease, while an inverse correlation between VEGF expression and dendritic cells (DCs) was identified in the peripheral blood. Therefore, in the present study, we investigated whether inhibition of human VEGF in the human tongue carcinoma cell line Tca8113 had effects on the activity of monocyte-derived DCs. We knocked down the expression of human VEGF in Tca8113 cells using the small interfering RNA (siRNA) technique. Tca8113 cells pre-transfected with siRNA targeting VEGF were co-cultured with monocyte‑derived immature and mature DCs. Cell proliferation was evaluated by a WST-8 assay. Cell apoptosis, cell cycle and cell phenotypes were determined by flow cytometry. The data revealed that downregulation of the human VEGF significantly inhibited the proliferation of Tca8113 cells and increased apoptosis. Inhibition of human VEGF arrested the cell cycle of Tca8113 cells at the G0/G1 phase. Our results showed that the co-culture of DCs with Tca8113 cells markedly inhibited the expression of the mature markers of DCs including HLA-DR, CD80, CD86, CD40 and CD1a, as well as the immature marker CD83, while inhibition of human VEGF in Tca8113 cells significantly reversed these effects. Therefore, human VEGF in Tca8113 cells may not only regulate the cell proliferation and apoptosis of oral squamous cell carcinoma cells, but may also inhibit DC maturation.

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