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Oncol Lett. 2012 Apr 1;3(4):787-790. Epub 2012 Jan 12.

Fibronectin 1 protein expression in clear cell renal cell carcinoma.

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1
Department of Urology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.

Abstract

Fibronectin 1 (FN1) is a glycoprotein that is involved in cell adhesion and migration processes including embryogenesis, wound healing, blood coagulation, host defenses and metastasis. The aim of this study was to elucidate the FN1 protein expression in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and to determine its potential prognostic relevance. A total of 270 clear cell RCC tissue specimens were collected from patients undergoing surgery for renal tumors. Biomarker expression was determined by immunohistochemistry and correlated with clinical variables. Survival analysis was carried out for 153 patients with complete follow-up data and pathologically proven clear cell carcinoma of the kidney. The follow-up group had a mean follow-up period of 83.8 months (IQR 26.2-136.2 months). The calculated median 5-year overall and tumor-specific survival rate of all 153 evaluable patients was 66.6 and 71.0%, respectively. A higher disease-related mortality rate was observed among patients with cytoplasmic FN1 expression (41.3 vs. 24.7%, p=0.039, Fisher's exact test). No significant correlation was found between FN1 staining and patient characteristics such as age, gender, tumor differentiation and visceral metastasis. However, there was a trend for FN1 expression and correlation with tumor stage and lymph node metastasis (p=0.085 and p=0.203; respectively). The Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed significant differences in the 5-year tumor-specific survival for patients with and without cytoplasmic FN1 expression (64.8 vs. 77.7%; p=0.035, log-rank test). However, results of the multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that FN1 expression was not an independent marker of either overall or tumor-specific survival. In conclusion, FN1 protein expression in RCC is associated with a higher disease-related mortality rate, indicating a possible role in RCC progression. Therefore, our data on FN1 encourage further investigations to determine the role of FN1 in RCC.

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