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Oncol Lett. 2012 Mar;3(3):667-671. Epub 2011 Dec 5.

The role of human papillomavirus type 16 E6/E7 oncoproteins in cervical epithelial-mesenchymal transition and carcinogenesis.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan.


Cervical cancer is the most common malignancy in females worldwide. This study investigated the prevalence of the E6/E7 oncoproteins of human papillomavirus (HPV) type 16, which are important in fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 2- and 4-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and cervical tumorigenesis. We investigated the functional interaction between HPV16 E6/E7-transfected Cx cells (CxWJ cells) and treatment with FGF2 and 4, according to the expression of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), vimentin and E-cadherin protein as well as cell growth and invasive ability. The results showed the upregulation of α-SMA and vimentin and the downregulation of E-cadherin protein expression in CxWJ cells. HPV16 E6/E7 infection partially repressed proliferation, but not the invasive ability of FGF2 or FGF4 stimulation in cervical cancer cells (CxWJ cells). These data provide evidence of a functional interaction between HPV16 E6/E7 and FGFs 2 and 4, suggesting that cooperative stimulation of HPV E6/E7 and FGFs activated in human cervical cancer cells is required to completely overcome the oncogenic function associated with the development of cervical epithelial-mesenchymal transition and tumorigenesis.

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