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J Colloid Interface Sci. 2012 Sep 15;382(1):36-47. doi: 10.1016/j.jcis.2012.05.042. Epub 2012 May 31.

Retinyl palmitate polymeric nanocapsules as carriers of bioactives.

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Instituto de Química, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, P.O. Box 6154, Brazil.


Nanocapsules containing poly(d,l-lactide) shell and retinyl palmitate core have been prepared by the pre-formed polymer interfacial deposition method. Dynamic light scattering measurements yielded an average hydrodynamic diameter of ∼220nm and a polydispersity index of ∼0.12. Small-angle neutron scattering experiments revealed the presence of two populations of nanocapsules of core diameters ∼192 and 65nm. Freeze fracture transmission electron microscopy showed a polydisperse population of nanocapsules (NC), with a poly(d,l-lactide) shell thickness between 11 and 3nm. For comparison purposes, nanoemulsions (NE, no polymer) and nanospheres (NS, polymer matrix) were also prepared. Each type of nanoparticles exhibited a different morphology (when examined by electron microscopy), in particular NC showed deformability by capillary adhesion. All three types of nanoparticles successfully encapsulated the poorly water-soluble molecules baicalein and benzophenone-3. The thermal behavior of the various nanoparticles was different to a physical mixture of its individual components. Cytotoxicity and phototoxicity assays, performed in human keratinocytes (HaCaT) and murine fibroblasts (BALB/c 3T3), showed that the NC were only cytotoxic at high concentrations. In vitro release studies of benzophenone-3, by the dialysis bag method using NC and NS, showed a sustained release; however, permeation studies using plastic surgery human abdominal skin in Franz diffusion cells showed that a higher amount of benzophenone-3 from NC penetrated into the skin, most probably due to the deformable nature of these nanoparticles.

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