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Transfusion. 2013 Mar;53(3):539-44. doi: 10.1111/j.1537-2995.2012.03754.x. Epub 2012 Jun 28.

The low-prevalence Rh antigen STEM (RH49) is encoded by two different RHCE*ce818T alleles that are often in cis to RHD*DOL.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Immunochemistry, New York Blood Center, New York, New York 10065, USA. mreid@nybloodcenter.org

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

STEM (RH49) is a low-prevalence antigen in the Rh blood group system. A scarcity of anti-STEM has precluded extensive study of this antigen. We report that two alleles with a RHCE*ce818C>T change encode a partial e, and a hr(S) -, hr(B) +, STEM+ phenotype and that both alleles are frequently in cis to RHD*DOL1 or RHD*DOL2.

STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS:

Blood samples were from donors and patients in our collections. Hemagglutination, DNA, and RNA testing was performed by standard techniques.

RESULTS:

Fourteen STEM+ samples were heterozygous RHCE*ce818C/T: six had RHCE*ceBI and eight had a novel allele, RHCE*ceSM. Eleven were heterozygous for RHD*DOL1 or RHD*DOL2. Eleven samples, previously typed STEM-, had RHCE*ce818C/C (consensus nucleotide). RBCs from informative STEM+ samples were e+/- hr(S) - hr(B) +. One person who was heterozygous RHCE*ceBI and RHCE*cE had an anti-e-like antibody in her plasma, and one person, who was hemizygous for RHD*DOL2, had anti-D in her plasma.

CONCLUSIONS:

We show that two alleles with a RHCE*ce818C>T change (RHCE*ceBI and RHCE*ceSM) encode a hr(S) - hr(B) + STEM+ phenotype. In addition, both alleles are frequently in cis to RHD*DOL1 or RHD*DOL2 and RHCE*ceBI encodes a partial e antigen. In the small cohort of samples tested, RHD*DOL invariably traveled with RHCE*ce818T. Our study also confirmed the presumption that RHD*DOL2, like RHD*DOL1, encodes a partial D antigen and the low-prevalence antigen DAK.

PMID:
22738288
PMCID:
PMC3461235
DOI:
10.1111/j.1537-2995.2012.03754.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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