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Sensors (Basel). 2012;12(3):2818-30. doi: 10.3390/s120302818. Epub 2012 Mar 1.

Pattern classification using an olfactory model with PCA feature selection in electronic noses: study and application.

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College of Computer Science & Information Engineering, Zhejiang Gongshang University, Hangzhou, China.


Biologically-inspired models and algorithms are considered as promising sensor array signal processing methods for electronic noses. Feature selection is one of the most important issues for developing robust pattern recognition models in machine learning. This paper describes an investigation into the classification performance of a bionic olfactory model with the increase of the dimensions of input feature vector (outer factor) as well as its parallel channels (inner factor). The principal component analysis technique was applied for feature selection and dimension reduction. Two data sets of three classes of wine derived from different cultivars and five classes of green tea derived from five different provinces of China were used for experiments. In the former case the results showed that the average correct classification rate increased as more principal components were put in to feature vector. In the latter case the results showed that sufficient parallel channels should be reserved in the model to avoid pattern space crowding. We concluded that 6~8 channels of the model with principal component feature vector values of at least 90% cumulative variance is adequate for a classification task of 3~5 pattern classes considering the trade-off between time consumption and classification rate.


artificial neural network; electronic nose; feature selection; olfactory model; pattern classification; principal component analysis

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