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Int Urogynecol J. 2013 Mar;24(3):519-21. doi: 10.1007/s00192-012-1826-8. Epub 2012 Jun 27.

Delayed vaginal and urethral mesh exposure: 10 years after TVT surgery.

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  • 1Fellow of the Division of Urogynaecology, Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University, School of Medicine, Taoyuan, Taiwan, Republic of China.


Delayed mesh exposure after tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) procedure is rare. We report a case of mesh exposure into the vagina and urethra that developed 10 years after TVT surgery. A 58-year-old postmenopausal woman presented with mixed urinary incontinence. She was investigated, and her stress urinary incontinence was cured with a TVT procedure 10 years ago. She was then scheduled follow-up annually. Two years postsurgery, a granulation tissue was observed and excised at the vaginal incision site. Vaginal examination 10 years postsurgery showed vaginal mesh erosion 0.5 cm from urethral meatus. Cystoscopy revealed concomitant urethral erosion at the posterior urethral wall. Mesh excision was performed, and urethra and vagina were repaired in layers. Postoperative recovery was uneventful. This finding shows that, although rare, complications can occur even after 10 years of TVT surgery.

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