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Int Anesthesiol Clin. 2012 Summer;50(3):114-22. doi: 10.1097/AIA.0b013e3182603ed5.

The role of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) therapy in acute heart failure.

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Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Peter Munk Cardiac Centre, Toronto General Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.


ECMO is a reliable and useful treatment for patient with acute cardiac failure. However, outcomes of cardiac ECMO are not yet as successful as case of ECMO support for respiratory failure. To improve the results of cardiac ECMO, proper patient selection, management, and weaning strategy are crucial. Other options, including LVADs and heart transplant, should be considered when patients do not show any improvements under ECMO therapy. A multidisciplinary approach is required to provide the maximum chance of survival after ECMO treatment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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