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Surg Endosc. 2013 Jan;27(1):189-98. doi: 10.1007/s00464-012-2419-9. Epub 2012 Jun 26.

Management of benign ovarian cysts by a novel, gasless, single-incision laparoscopic technique: keyless abdominal rope-lifting surgery (KARS).

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kafkas University Medical Faculty, Kars, Turkey.



To find the most efficacious method to minimize the side effects and maximize the advantages of laparoscopic surgery, this study aimed to define and document a gasless, single-incision abdominal access technique for the management of benign ovarian cysts.


During a 1½ year period, 55 women underwent surgery for a benign ovarian cyst. Conventional carbon dioxide (CO(2)) laparoscopy was used for 33 of the women, and 22 of the women underwent a novel, gasless, single-incision laparoscopic surgery. An abdominal access pathway through a single intraabdominal incision was used to place transabdominal sutures that elevated the abdominal wall, and the operations were performed through the intra-umbilical entry without the use of trocars. Thus, the new technique was called keyless abdominal rope-lifting surgery (KARS). Two operative groups were compared to assess the feasibility of the new technique.


All the operations could be performed by KARS without conversion to CO(2) laparoscopy or laparotomy. However, for two patients in the conventional laparoscopy group, minilaparotomy had to be performed for tissue retrieval. Although the two techniques had many similar results, the total operative times and the abdominal access times in the KARS group were significantly longer than in the conventional laparoscopy group (p < 0.05). Simple oral analgesics were adequate for postoperative pain relief in both groups.


The KARS technique is a gasless, single-incision laparoscopic procedure that can be performed safely and effectively in terms of cosmesis, postoperative pain, and fertility preservation for the management of benign adnexal pathologies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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