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Photomed Laser Surg. 2012 Aug;30(8):418-24. doi: 10.1089/pho.2011.3042. Epub 2012 Jun 25.

Effects of 830 and 670 nm laser on viability of random skin flap in rats.

Author information

1
Department of Physiotherapy, Federal University of Goias, Campus JataĆ­, Goias, Brazil. paschoalrp@hotmail.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study aimed to investigate the effect of 830 and 670 nm diode laser on the viability of random skin flaps in rats.

BACKGROUND DATA:

Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has been reported to be successful in stimulating the formation of new blood vessels and reducing the inflammatory process after injury. However, the efficiency of such treatment remains uncertain, and there is also some controversy regarding the efficacy of different wavelengths currently on the market.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Thirty Wistar rats were used and divided into three groups, with 10 rats in each. A random skin flap was raised on the dorsum of each animal. Group 1 was the control group, group 2 received 830 nm laser radiations, and group 3 was submitted to 670 nm laser radiation (power density=0.5 mW/cm(2)). The animals underwent laser therapy with 36 J/cm(2) energy density (total energy=2.52 J and 72 sec per session) immediately after surgery and on the 4 subsequent days. The application site of laser radiation was one point at 2.5 cm from the flap's cranial base. The percentage of skin flap necrosis area was calculated on the 7th postoperative day using the paper template method. A skin sample was collected immediately after to determine the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression and the epidermal cell proliferation index (KiD67).

RESULTS:

Statistically significant differences were found among the percentages of necrosis, with higher values observed in group 1 compared with groups 2 and 3. No statistically significant differences were found among these groups using the paper template method. Group 3 presented the highest mean number of blood vessels expressing VEGF and of cells in the proliferative phase when compared with groups 1 and 2.

CONCLUSIONS:

LLLT was effective in increasing random skin flap viability in rats. The 670 nm laser presented more satisfactory results than the 830 nm laser.

PMID:
22730913
DOI:
10.1089/pho.2011.3042
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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