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Nucleic Acids Res. 2012 Sep 1;40(17):8759-72. Epub 2012 Jun 22.

Insights into how nucleotide supplements enhance the peroxidase-mimicking DNAzyme activity of the G-quadruplex/hemin system.

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  • 1Institut de Chimie Moléculaire, Université de Bourgogne (ICMUB), CNRS UMR6302, 9, avenue Alain Savary, 21000 Dijon, France.


Since the initial discovery of the catalytic capability of short DNA fragments, this peculiar enzyme-like property (termed DNAzyme) has continued to garner much interest in the scientific community because of the virtually unlimited applications in developing new molecular devices. Alongside the exponential rise in the number of DNAzyme applications in the last past years, the search for convenient ways to improve its overall efficiency has only started to emerge. Credence has been lent to this strategy by the recent demonstration that the quadruplex-based DNAzyme proficiency can be enhanced by ATP supplements. Herein, we have made a further leap along this path, trying first of all to decipher the actual DNAzyme catalytic cycle (to gain insights into the steps ATP may influence), and subsequently investigating in detail the influence of all the parameters that govern the catalytic efficiency. We have extended this study to other nucleotides and quadruplexes, thus demonstrating the versatility and broad applicability of such an approach. The defined exquisitely efficient DNAzyme protocols were exploited to highlight the enticing advantages of this method via a 96-well plate experiment that enables the detection of nanomolar DNA concentrations in real-time with the naked-eye (see movie as Supplementary Data).

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