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Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol. 2012 Aug;24(4):210-4. doi: 10.1097/GCO.0b013e3283558539.

Ovarian remnant syndrome: etiology, diagnosis, treatment and impact of endometriosis.

Author information

1
Department of Medical and Surgical Gynecology, Mayo Clinic in Arizona, Phoenix, Arizona, USA. kho.rosanne@mayo.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

Ovarian remnant syndrome (ORS), a rare condition in which remnant ovarian tissue presents as a pelvic mass and/or pain after previous oophorectomy, poses a diagnostic and treatment challenge. This study reviews the recent studies in the past 5 years on the subject.

RECENT FINDINGS:

Incomplete removal of ovarian tissue at the time of initial oophorectomy from inability to obtain adequate surgical margins or inappropriate extraction from the pelvic cavity during laparoscopy can cause ORS. Excision of ovarian remnant tissue is increasingly approached minimally invasively. Cases of malignant involvement of the remnant ovary have been reported. Endometriosis, recently suggested to increase the risk for ovarian cancer, predisposes to ORS and is associated with 50% of patients with ovarian carcinoma in ORS patients.

SUMMARY:

Surgical excision remains the treatment of choice in ORS as malignancy can be associated with the remnant tissue. In cases of endometriosis, complete excision of endometriosis and ovarian tissue at the time of initial surgery prevents recurrence of endometriosis, subsequent development of ORS and possible ovarian malignant transformation.

PMID:
22729094
DOI:
10.1097/GCO.0b013e3283558539
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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