Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Pediatr Psychol. 2012 Sep;37(8):868-78. doi: 10.1093/jpepsy/jss077. Epub 2012 Jun 22.

Orphan status, HIV risk behavior, and mental health among adolescents in rural Kenya.

Author information

  • 1International Rescue Committee, 122 East 42nd Street, 12th Floor, New York, NY 10168, USA. Eve.Puffer@duke.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine orphan status, mental health, social support, and HIV risk among adolescents in rural Kenya.

METHODS:

Randomly selected adolescents aged 10-18 years completed surveys assessing sexual activity, sex-related beliefs and self-efficacy, mental health, social support, caregiver-child communication, time since parental death, and economic resources. Analysis of covariance and regression analyses compared orphans and nonorphans; orphan status was tested as a moderator between well-being and HIV risk.

RESULTS:

Orphans reported poorer mental health, less social support, and fewer material resources. They did not differ from nonorphans on HIV risk indicators. Longer time since parental death was associated with poorer outcomes. In moderator analyses, emotional problems and poorer caregiver-youth communication were more strongly associated with lower sex-related self-efficacy for orphans.

CONCLUSIONS:

Orphans are at higher risk for psychosocial problems. These problems may affect orphans' self-efficacy for safer sex practices more than nonorphans. Decreased HIV risk could be one benefit of psychosocial interventions for orphans.

PMID:
22728899
PMCID:
PMC3437686
DOI:
10.1093/jpepsy/jss077
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Silverchair Information Systems Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center