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Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2012 Sep;118(3):194-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ijgo.2012.03.043. Epub 2012 Jun 22.

Intimate partner violence and psychoemotional disturbance among pregnant women admitted to hospital with prenatal complications.

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1
Antenatal High Risk Pregnancy Unit, Enrique C. Sotomayor Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Guayaquil, Ecuador.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess intimate partner violence (IPV) and psychoemotional disturbance among pregnant women in a low-income setting.

METHODS:

In total, 283 pregnant women with high-risk prenatal complications were surveyed via the 20-item Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20) and the Violence against Women screening tool. A total SRQ-20 score of at least 7 was defined as indicating psychoemotional disturbance.

RESULTS:

Median age of participants was 24 years, 65 (23.0%) came from marginal areas, 6 (2.1%) had no education, and 75 (26.5%) had fewer than 5 prenatal visits. Median gestational age at survey was 33 weeks, with 224 (79.2%) admitted for treatment of threatened preterm labor. Median age of partner was 27 years, and 72 (25.5%) consumed alcohol on a daily basis. Ninety-eight (34.6%) pregnant women experienced at least 1 type of physical abuse or violence during the current pregnancy. Median total SRQ-20 score was 7. Overall, 145 (51.2%) had scores of 7 or higher. Total SRQ-20 scores positively correlated with the presence of IPV (number of positive items) and parity, and inversely correlated with maternal education level and gestational age at survey.

CONCLUSION:

IPV was highly prevalent and significantly correlated with female psychoemotional disturbance.

PMID:
22727412
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijgo.2012.03.043
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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