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BMC Oral Health. 2012 Jun 22;12:17. doi: 10.1186/1472-6831-12-17.

Oral health status of patients with acute coronary syndrome--a case control study.

Author information

1
Department of Preventive Dentistry, Periodontology and Cariology, University Medical Centre Goettingen, Goettingen, Germany. dirk.ziebolz@med.uni-goettingen.de

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The aim of this investigation was to assess the state of oral health of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and to compare this with that of a provably healthy control group (H).

METHODS:

33 patients who were receiving treatment as inpatients following acute myocardial infarction or unstable angina pectoris took part in the study (ACS-group). A healthy control group (H-group) made up of blood donors, was formed following matching for age, gender, and smoking habit with the study patient group.The dental investigation consisted of the dental status (DMF-T), a plaque-Index (PI), an assessment of gingival inflammation (GI) and periodontal situation (Periodontal Screening Index: PSR(®)/PSI), and attachment loss (AL). Statistical evaluation: t-test, Mann-Whitney-test and chi- squared test (level of significance p < 0.05).

RESULTS:

The mean DMF-T of the ACS-group (18.7 ± 6.8) and the H-group (19.4 ± 5.1) showed no difference (p = 0.7). Although, in the ACS-group the average loss of teeth (M-T: 8.4 ± 5.2) was higher than in the H-group (M-T: 5.8 ± 6.6) the difference was not significant (p = 0.2). Whereas with the PI no difference between the two groups was found (p = 0.9), the ACS-group showed significantly more signs of inflammation (GI) than the H-group (p = 0.045). In the case of PSR(®)/PSI, there was no difference between the two groups (p = 0.7). With regard to AL, no difference was revealed between ACS- and H-group (p = 0.2).

CONCLUSION:

Although, the state of oral health of the ACS-group differed only insignificantly from that of control, patients with ACS showed more signs of gingival inflammation and a higher loss of teeth.

PMID:
22727119
PMCID:
PMC3444382
DOI:
10.1186/1472-6831-12-17
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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