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J Adolesc Health. 2012 Jul;51(1):66-72. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2011.12.026. Epub 2012 Mar 8.

Use of a standardized patient paradigm to enhance proficiency in risk assessment for adolescent depression and suicide.

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Division of Psychology and Psychiatry, Nemours Children's Clinic, Jacksonville, FL 32207, USA.



Although routine adolescent depression and suicide risk assessment (ADSRA) is recommended, primary care physician (PCP) ADSRA training is needed for successful ADSRA implementation. This study examined the effect of an intervention using standardized patients (SPs) on PCP ADSRA confidence, knowledge, and practices.


The intervention consisted of a 60-minute seminar followed by a 60-minute SP session to practice ADSRA skills in simulated clinical situations.


PCPs (n = 46) completed pre- and postintervention assessments. Untrained PCPs interested in the intervention (n = 58) also completed assessments. Assessments evaluated ADSRA self-reported confidence and practices and objectively assessed knowledge. The main outcomes were (1) changes in pre-/postintervention PCP ADSRA confidence and knowledge, and (2) ADSRA practices in untrained versus postintervention PCPs.


Compared with untrained PCPs, PCPs 5-10 months postintervention were more likely to screen most adolescents for depression (40% vs. 22%, p = .05), to use a depression screening tool (50% vs. 19%, p = .001), to have diagnosed at least one adolescent with depression in the past 3 months (96% vs. 78%, p = .013), and to have screened depressed adolescents for suicide risk factors, including access to weapons (51% vs. 25%; p = .007) or an impulsive violence history (27% vs. 11%; p = .037). PCP confidence and knowledge about depression assessment and treatment also significantly improved postintervention.


This study supports the use of an SP intervention to improve PCP ADSRA confidence, knowledge, and practices. Widespread implementation of similar educational efforts has the potential to dramatically improve adolescent morbidity and mortality.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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