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BJU Int. 2013 Jan;111(1):53-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1464-410X.2012.11276.x. Epub 2012 Jun 21.

Analysis of outcomes after radical prostatectomy in patients eligible for active surveillance (PRIAS).

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Department of Urology, APHP, CHU Henri Mondor, Créteil, France.



To identify the risk of failure of active surveillance (AS) in men who had the Prostate Cancer Research International: Active Surveillance (PRIAS) criteria and had undergone radical prostatectomy (RP), by studying as primary endpoints the risk of unfavourable disease in RP specimens (stage >T2 and/or Gleason score >6) and of biochemical progression after RP.


We assessed 626 patients who had the PRIAS criteria for AS defined as T1c/T2, PSA level of ≤10 ng/mL, PSA density (PSAD) of <0.2 ng/mL per mL, Gleason score of <7, and one or two positive biopsies. All patients underwent immediate RP at our department between January 1991 and December 2010. Multivariate logistic regression was used to test factors correlated with the risk of unfavourable prostate cancer. The risk of progression was tested using multivariate Cox regression models. Biochemical recurrence-free survival (BFS) was established using the Kaplan-Meier method.


Pathological study of RP specimens showed upstaging (>T2) in 129 patients (20.6%), upgrading (Gleason score >6) in 281 (44.9%) and unfavourable disease in 312 patients (50%). There was a statistically non-significant trend for BFS at P = 0.06. Predictors of favourable tumours were age <65 years (P = 0.005), one vs two positive biopsies (P = 0.01) and a biopsy core number >12 (P = 0.005). Preoperative factors predicting disease progression were a PSAD of >0.15 ng/mL(2) (P = 0.008) and biopsy core number of ≤12 (P = 0.017).


Even with stringent AS criteria, the rate of unfavourable disease remains high. Predictive factors of unfavourable disease and biochemical progression should be considered when including patients in AS protocols.

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