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Eur J Intern Med. 2012 Jul;23(5):436-41. doi: 10.1016/j.ejim.2011.10.019. Epub 2011 Nov 21.

D-dimer levels in assessing severity and clinical outcome in patients with community-acquired pneumonia. A secondary analysis of a randomised clinical trial.

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1
Department of Pulmonary Diseases, Medical Centre Alkmaar, Alkmaar, The Netherlands. d.snijders@mca.nl

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

D-dimer levels are in several studies elevated in patients with CAP. In this study we assess the use of D-dimer levels and its association with severity assessment and clinical outcome in patients hospitalised with community-acquired pneumonia.

METHODS:

In a subset of randomised trial patients with community-acquired pneumonia serial D-dimer levels was analysed. CURB-65 scores were calculated at admission.

RESULTS:

A total of 147 patients were included. D-dimer levels at admission were higher in patients with severe CAP (2166 ± 1258 versus 1630 ± 1197 μg/l, p=0.03), with clinical failure at day 30 (2228 ± 1512 versus 1594 ± 1078 μg/l, p=0.02) and with early failure (2499 ± 1817 μg/l versus 1669 ± 1121 μg/l, p=0.01). Non-survivors had higher D-dimer levels (3025 ± 2105 versus 1680 ± 1128 μg/l, p=0.05). None of the 16 patients with D-dimer levels<500 μg/l died. In multivariate analysis D-dimer levels were not associated with clinical outcome. D-dimer levels have poor accuracy for predicting clinical outcome at day 30 (AUC 0.62, 95% CI 0.51-0.73) or 30 day mortality (AUC 0.71 (95% CI 0.51-0.91)). Addition of D-dimer levels to CURB-65 did not increase accuracy. No differences were observed in serial D-dimer levels between patients with clinical success or failure at day 30.

CONCLUSION:

D-dimer levels are elevated in patients with CAP. Significantly higher D-dimer levels are found in patients with clinical failure and with severe CAP. D-dimer levels as single biomarker or as addition to the CURB-65 have no added value for predicting clinical outcome or mortality. D-dimer levels<500 μg/l may identify candidates at low risk for complications.

PMID:
22726372
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejim.2011.10.019
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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