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Virology. 2012 Oct 25;432(2):316-26. doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2012.05.024. Epub 2012 Jun 21.

Agnoprotein of mammalian polyomaviruses.

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1
Department of Medical Biology, University of Tromsø, NO-9037 Tromsø, Norway.

Abstract

Polyomaviruses are naked viruses with an icosahedral capsid that surrounds a circular double-stranded DNA molecule of about 5000 base-pairs. Their genome encodes at least five proteins: large and small tumor antigens and the capsid proteins VP1, VP2 and VP3. The tumor antigens are expressed during early stages of the viral life cycle and are implicated in the regulation of viral transcription and DNA replication, while the capsid proteins are produced later during infection. Members of the Polyomaviridae family have been isolated in birds (Avipolyomavirus) and mammals (Orthopolyomavirus and Wukipolyomavirus). Some mammalian polyomaviruses encode an additional protein, referred to as agnoprotein, which is a relatively small polypeptide that exerts multiple functions. This review discusses the structure, post-translational modifications, and functions of agnoprotein, and speculates why not all polyomaviruses express this protein.

PMID:
22726243
DOI:
10.1016/j.virol.2012.05.024
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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