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Perspect Psychiatr Care. 2012 Jul;48(3):138-48. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-6163.2011.00318.x. Epub 2011 Oct 17.

Mothers with depression, school-age children with depression? A systematic review.

Author information

1
Department of Neurosciences and Behavior, Division of Psychiatry, Ribeirão Preto School of Medicine, University of São Paulo (FMRP-USP), Brazil. anavilela@usp.br

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To carry out a systematic review of the association between maternal and school-age children depression and covariate factors.

DESIGN AND METHODS:

The key words maternal depression, depressed children, and school-age key words were searched in Medline, Lilacs, Scielo, IndexPsi, and PsycInfo (2004-2010). Clinical and community cross-sectional and longitudinal studies were included. A qualitative checklist was used.

FINDINGS:

Thirty studies were included (21.926 dyads). The results supported the association, showing several modulators: family environment, marital adjustment, social support, depression symptoms, and children-related variables. Limitations were nonrandom samples, single informants, and nondepression diagnosis.

PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS:

  Identifying mothers with depression may be useful for prevention and early detection of school-age children's depression.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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