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Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2012 May;121(5):322-7.

Comparative analysis of primary and secondary rhinoplasties according to surgeon's perspective, patient satisfaction, and quality of life.

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Department of Otolaryngology-Head Neck Surgery, Osmangazi University, Eskilehir, Turkey.



We sought to analyze and compare the problems and technical difficulties related to surgical intervention, patient satisfaction, and quality of life after primary and secondary rhinoplasties.


A total of 168 cases of rhinoplasty were grouped as primary or secondary according to the patient's history of rhinoplasty. The type of nasal deformity, the surgical approach, and the difficulty of the surgery were recorded. The levels of patient satisfaction and the quality of life were assessed before and after the operation with the Rhinoplasty Outcomes Evaluation (ROE) and European Quality of Life-5 Dimension (EQ-5D) questionnaires. A quantitative and statistical analysis was performed.


Thirty-three patients had secondary rhinoplasty, and 135 patients had primary rhinoplasty. Relatively high rates of saddle nose deformity, crooked nose, and tip asymmetry were observed in the secondary rhinoplasty group. The preoperative and postoperative scores on the ROE and EQ-5D questionnaires demonstrated statistically significant differences in both the primary and secondary rhinoplasty groups. The comparison of postoperative change between the primary and secondary rhinoplasty groups did not demonstrate a statistically significant difference.


The surgical difficulty of secondary rhinoplasty is approximately twice that of primary rhinoplasty because of the high rate of major deformities. However, the levels of patient satisfaction and improvements in quality of life are similar after primary and secondary rhinoplasties.

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