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Curr Urol Rep. 2012 Aug;13(4):307-10. doi: 10.1007/s11934-012-0261-1.

An update on phthalates and male reproductive development and function.

Author information

1
The University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA, USA. richard.grady@seattlechildrens.org

Abstract

Phthalates are part of a class of high-volume industrial chemicals used ubiquitously in health care as well as household products. Biomarker studies have confirmed the widespread presence of these chemicals in both humans and animals. As a class, phthalates have been implicated in diseases and birth anomalies of the genitourinary tract including hypospadias, testis anomalies, and subfertility. This article will discuss the current data surrounding these chemicals and their association with genital anomalies including genital anomalies and infertility.

PMID:
22723150
DOI:
10.1007/s11934-012-0261-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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