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Prev Chronic Dis. 2012;9:E116. Epub 2012 Jun 21.

Tools for implementing an evidence-based approach in public health practice.

Author information

1
Prevention Research Center in St. Louis, Brown School, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri, USA.

Abstract

Increasing disease rates, limited funding, and the ever-growing scientific basis for intervention demand the use of proven strategies to improve population health. Public health practitioners must be ready to implement an evidence-based approach in their work to meet health goals and sustain necessary resources. We researched easily accessible and time-efficient tools for implementing an evidence-based public health (EBPH) approach to improve population health. Several tools have been developed to meet EBPH needs, including free online resources in the following topic areas: training and planning tools, US health surveillance, policy tracking and surveillance, systematic reviews and evidence-based guidelines, economic evaluation, and gray literature. Key elements of EBPH are engaging the community in assessment and decision making; using data and information systems systematically; making decisions on the basis of the best available peer-reviewed evidence (both quantitative and qualitative); applying program-planning frameworks (often based in health-behavior theory); conducting sound evaluation; and disseminating what is learned.

PMID:
22721501
PMCID:
PMC3457760
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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