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PLoS One. 2012;7(6):e38207. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0038207. Epub 2012 Jun 12.

The lambeosaurine dinosaur Magnapaulia laticaudus from the late cretaceous of Baja California, Northwestern Mexico.

Author information

1
Bayerische Staatssammlung für Paläontologie und Geologie, Munich, Germany. redshore@gmail.com

Abstract

The taxonomy, osteology, phylogenetic position, and historical biogeography of the lambeosaurine hadrosaurid Magnapaulia laticaudus (new combination) are revised. The diagnosis of this species is amended on the basis on two autapomorphies (i.e., longest haemal arches of proximal caudal vertebrae being at least four times longer than the height of their respective centra; base of prezygapophyses in caudal vertebrae merging to form a bowl-shaped surface) and a unique combination of characters (i.e., downturned cranioventral process of the maxilla; tear-shaped external naris with length/width ratio between 1.85 and 2.85; neural spines of dorsal, sacral, and proximal caudal vertebrae being at least four times the height of their respective centra). A maximum parsimony analysis supports a sister taxon relationship between M. laticaudus and Velafrons coahuilensis. Both taxa constitute a clade of southern North American lambeosaurines, which forms a sister relationship with the diverse clade of helmet-crested lambeosaurines from northern North America that includes well-known genera like Corythosaurus, Lambeosaurus, and Hypacrosaurus. According to the results of a Dispersal-Vicariance analysis, southern North American lambeosaurines split from the northern forms via vicariance from a common ancestor that lived in both the northern and southern regions of the continent.

PMID:
22719869
PMCID:
PMC3373519
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0038207
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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