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Brain Res. 1990 Oct 1;528(2):245-9.

Rapid and localized alterations of neuropeptide Y in discrete hypothalamic nuclei with feeding status.

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1
I.N.S.E.R.M. U.308, M├ęcanismes de R├ęgulation du Comportement Alimentaire, Nancy, France.

Abstract

Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is believed to regulate the normal eating behavior and body weight in rats via central mechanisms. We have investigated whether NPY, which stimulates food intake, may in turn be modified by the nutritional state of the animals. Thus the impact of food deprivation (FD) (48 h) and subsequent refeeding on the levels of NPY in discrete hypothalamic areas was examined in this study. The results showed site specific change in only 3 of 7 hypothalamic sites. A 5-fold increment in NPY was reported in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) and a 10-fold increase was observed in the arcuate nucleus-median eminence (ARC-ME). While subsequent refeeding for 6 h reversed the effect of FD in the ARC-ME, the levels of NPY in the PVN remained high in the refed rats. The perifornical lateral hypothalamus displayed a different pattern, namely, a significant increase in NPY content in refed as compared to satiated and deprived rats. The NPY levels in 4 other hypothalamic sites, namely, the dorsomedian, ventromedian, supraoptic and suprachiasmatic nuclei, and two extrahypothalamic sites, namely caudate nucleus and nucleus accumbens, showed total resistance to any change following deprivation and refeeding. These data emphasize the important and specific role of the paraventricular and arcuate nuclei in NPY's regulation of food intake and provide support for the idea that the variations of hypothalamic NPY after food deprivation reflect a specific physiological response of feeding regulatory system to alterations in the animal nutritional state and body weight.

PMID:
2271925
DOI:
10.1016/0006-8993(90)91664-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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