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Eur Heart J. 2013 Jan;34(3):220-8. doi: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehs149. Epub 2012 Jun 19.

Cost-effectiveness of treating acute coronary syndrome patients with ticagrelor for 12 months: results from the PLATO study.

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1
Center for Medical Technology Assessment, Linköping University, 581 83 Linköping, Sweden.

Abstract

AIMS:

The efficacy and safety of ticagrelor vs. clopidogrel in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) are well documented in the PLATelet inhibition and patient Outcomes trial (PLATO). The aim of this study was to assess the long-term cost-effectiveness of treating ACS patients for 12 months with ticagrelor compared with generic clopidogrel.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Event rates, health-care costs, and health-related quality of life during 12 months of therapy with either ticagrelor or generic clopidogrel were estimated from PLATO. Beyond 12 months, quality-adjusted survival and costs were estimated conditional on whether a non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), a non-fatal stroke, or no MI or stroke occurred during the 12 months of therapy. Lifetime costs, life expectancy, and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) were estimated for both treatment strategies. Incremental cost-effectiveness ratios were presented from a health-care perspective in 2010 Euros (€) applying unit costs and life tables from a Swedish setting in the base-case analysis. Treatment with ticagrelor was associated with increased health-care costs of €362 and a QALY gain of 0.13 compared with generic clopidogrel, yielding a cost per QALY gained with ticagrelor of €2753. The cost per life year gained was €2372. The results were consistent in major subgroups. Sensitivity analyses showed a cost per QALY gained with ticagrelor of ∼€7300 under certain scenarios.

CONCLUSION:

Based on clinical and health-economic evidence from the PLATO study, treating ACS patients with ticagrelor for 12 months is associated with a cost per QALY below generally accepted thresholds for cost-effectiveness. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00391872.

PMID:
22719022
DOI:
10.1093/eurheartj/ehs149
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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