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Biochemistry. 1990 Aug 21;29(33):7608-17.

Inhibition of chymotrypsin by peptidyl trifluoromethyl ketones: determinants of slow-binding kinetics.

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Department of Toxicology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115.


A series of seven peptidyl trifluoromethyl ketone (TFK) inhibitors of chymotrypsin have been prepared which differ at the P1 and P2 subsites. Inhibition equilibria and kinetics of association and dissociation with chymotrypsin have been measured. The association rate of Ac-Phe-CF3 was measured at enzyme concentrations between 8 nM and 117 microM in order to examine the relation between the ketone/hydrate equilibrium of trifluoromethyl ketones and the "slow binding" by these inhibitors. The association rate decreases at high enzyme concentrations, indicating that TFK ketone is the reactive species and that conversion of TFK hydrate to ketone becomes rate limiting under these conditions. Inhibitors with hydrophobic side chains at P2 bind more tightly but more slowly to chymotrypsin, indicating that formation of van der Waals contacts between the P2 side chain and the His 57 and Ile 99 side chains of chymotrypsin is a relatively slow process. Inhibitor properties were compared to the Michaelis-Menten kinetic constants of a homologous series of peptide methyl ester and peptide amide substrates. Plots of log Ki vs log (kcat/Km) are linear with slopes of 0.65 +/- 0.2, indicating that these inhibitors are able to utilize 65% of the total binding energy between chymotrypsin and its hydrolytic transition state.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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