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Opt Express. 2012 Jun 4;20(12):12692-8. doi: 10.1364/OE.20.012692.

Continuous manipulation of doughnut focal spot in a large scale.

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State Key Laboratory of Modern Optical Instrumentation, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China.


We theoretically demonstrate that the doughnut focal spot can continuously be manipulated by synthetically using various beam modulation techniques. Comparatively, a more evident effect can be expected by different orders of phase modulation, while accurate manipulation stems from changing the phase diversity between two arms in an image inverting interferometer (III). The size of central dark spot can thus be continuously adjusted in a theoretically infinite scale, although it may actually be limited by resolution of Spatial Light Modulator (SLM). This approach brings additional flexibility to many applications, such as optical tweezers.

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