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Prev Med. 2012 Sep;55(3):237-43. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2012.06.006. Epub 2012 Jun 17.

Health impacts of increasing alcohol prices in the European Union: a dynamic projection.

Author information

1
Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Department of Public Health, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. s.lhachimi@erasmusmc.nl

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Western Europe has high levels of alcohol consumption, with corresponding adverse health effects. Currently, a major revision of the EU excise tax regime is under discussion. We quantify the health impact of alcohol price increases across the EU.

DATA AND METHOD:

We use alcohol consumption data for 11 member states, covering 80% of the EU-27 population, and corresponding country-specific disease data (incidence, prevalence, and case-fatality rate of alcohol related diseases) taken from the 2010 published Dynamic Modelling for Health Impact Assessment (DYNAMO-HIA) database to dynamically project the changes in population health that might arise from changes in alcohol price.

RESULTS:

Increasing alcohol prices towards those of Finland (the highest in the EU) would postpone approximately 54,000 male and approximately 26,100 female deaths over 10 years. Moreover, the prevalence of a number of chronic diseases would be reduced: in men by approximately 97,800 individuals with diabetes, 65,800 with stroke and 62,200 with selected cancers, and in women by about 19,100, 23,500, and 27,100, respectively.

CONCLUSION:

Curbing excessive drinking throughout the EU completely would lead to substantial gains in population health. Harmonisiation of prices to the Finnish level would, for selected diseases, achieve more than 40% of those gains.

PMID:
22713346
DOI:
10.1016/j.ypmed.2012.06.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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