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J Exp Med. 2012 Jul 2;209(7):1263-72. doi: 10.1084/jem.20120562. Epub 2012 Jun 18.

Bicarbonate and functional CFTR channel are required for proper mucin secretion and link cystic fibrosis with its mucus phenotype.

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1
Department of Medical Biochemistry, University of Gothenburg, 405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden.

Abstract

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is caused by a nonfunctional chloride and bicarbonate ion channel (CF transmembrane regulator [CFTR]), but the link to the phenomenon of stagnant mucus is not well understood. Mice lacking functional CFTR (CftrΔ508) have no lung phenotype but show similar ileal problems to humans. We show that the ileal mucosa in CF have a mucus that adhered to the epithelium, was denser, and was less penetrable than that of wild-type mice. The properties of the ileal mucus of CF mice were normalized by secretion into a high concentration sodium bicarbonate buffer (~100 mM). In addition, bicarbonate added to already formed CF mucus almost completely restored the mucus properties. This knowledge may provide novel therapeutic options for CF.

PMID:
22711878
PMCID:
PMC3405509
DOI:
10.1084/jem.20120562
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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