Send to

Choose Destination
J Appl Res Intellect Disabil. 2012 Jul;25(4):291-307. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-3148.2011.00666.x. Epub 2012 Jan 11.

Person-centred active support - increasing choice, promoting independence and reducing challenging behaviour.

Author information

Tizard Centre, University of Kent, Canterbury, UK.



Previous research has found that active support is effective at increasing levels of participation in activities and supporting a good quality of life for people with intellectual disabilities. However, there has been little research on the effect of active support on other outcome measures.


This study uses observational methodology, combined with staff-rated measures, to explore the impact of the implementation of person-centred active support on the lives of 30 people with severe and profound intellectual disabilities living in small group homes.


Analysis indicated that significant increases in both the amount of assistance people received and the quality of that assistance were accompanied by significant increases in engagement, participation, choice-making opportunities and a significant reduction in challenging behaviour and in particular, self-stimulatory behaviour.


The paper discusses the implications of the findings for both practice and for further research.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center