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Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2012 Nov;44(11):1897-900. doi: 10.1016/j.biocel.2012.06.011. Epub 2012 Jun 16.

Airway epithelial cells--functional links between CFTR and anoctamin dependent Cl- secretion.

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Institut für Physiologie, Universität Regensburg, Universitätsstraße 31, D-93053 Regensburg, Germany.


Airways consist of a heterogeneous population of cells, comprising ciliated cells, Clara cells and goblet cells. Electrolyte secretion by the airways is necessary to produce the airway surface liquid that allows for mucociliary clearance of the lungs. Secretion is driven by opening of Cl(-) selective ion channels in the apical membrane of airway epithelial cells, through either receptor mediated increase in intracellular cAMP or cytosolic Ca(2+). Traditionally cAMP-dependent and Ca(2+)-dependent secretory pathways are regarded as independent. However, this concept has been challenged recently. With identification of the Ca(2+) activated Cl(-) channel TMEM16A (anoctamin 1) and with detailed knowledge of the cAMP-regulated cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR), it has become possible to look more closely into this relationship.

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