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Biosens Bioelectron. 2012 Oct-Dec;38(1):421-4. doi: 10.1016/j.bios.2012.05.025. Epub 2012 Jun 1.

Enzyme-free signal amplification for electrochemical detection of Mycobacterium lipoarabinomannan antibody on a disposable chip.

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State Key Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry for Life Science, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University, Hankou Road 22, Jiangsu 210093, Nanjing, PR China.


A simple, rapid, and disposable immunosensor at screen printed carbon electrode (SPCE) was developed by using gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) labeled Staphylococcal protein A (Au-SPA) as the electrochemical tag for detection of lipoarabinomannan antibody (anti-LAM). The immunosensor as the disposable chip was prepared by immobilizing capture antigen on screen printed carbon working electrode by passive adsorption, and characterized with scanning electron microscopy. After binding with the anti-LAM for further capture of Au-SPA, AuNPs were introduced as an electrochemical tag by the eletrooxidation of AuNPs in 0.1M HCl to produce strong electroactive substance for signal amplification. Compared with the enzyme-based immunosensor, AuNPs as enzyme-free tag for signal amplification exhibited many advantages such as no requirement of deoxygenation, and high stability. Under optimal detection conditions and at a preoxidation potential of +1.3 V for 30s, this method achieved the linear concentration of anti-LAM from 15.6 to 1000 ng mL(-1) with a detection limit of 5.3 ng mL(-1). The immunosensor showed a good performance with high selectivity, acceptable stability, and simple operation, providing a promising application as an adjunctive tool in early tuberculosis diagnosis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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