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Alcohol Treat Q. 2010;28(2):128-150. Epub 2010 Apr 7.

Spirituality, Religiousness, and Alcoholism Treatment Outcomes: A Comparison between Black and White Participants.

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University of Michigan Addiction Research Center, Ann Arbor, MI, and The Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH.


This study addresses an unexplained finding in the alcoholism treatment field: despite the health and socioeconomic disparities that exist between blacks and whites at intake, blacks and whites achieve equivalent treatment outcomes. Using Project MATCH data, this study explores religiousness and spirituality as strengths in the African American community that may account in part for equivalent outcomes. Using binary logistic regression, this study found that as purpose in life increased, blacks were more likely to achieve sobriety than whites. This study provides evidence that purpose in life is a cultural strength and an advantage among blacks in achieving sobriety.

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