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J Biol Chem. 2012 Jul 27;287(31):26377-87. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M112.385286. Epub 2012 Jun 15.

The conserved His-144 in the PsbP protein is important for the interaction between the PsbP N-terminus and the Cyt b559 subunit of photosystem II.

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Graduate School of Biostudies, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan.


The PsbP protein regulates the binding properties of Ca(2+) and Cl(-), and stabilizes the Mn cluster of photosystem II (PSII); however, the binding site and topology in PSII have yet to be clarified. Here we report that the structure around His-144 and Asp-165 in PsbP, which is suggested to be a metal binding site, has a crucial role for the functional interaction between PsbP and PSII. The mutated PsbP-H144A protein exhibits reduced ability to retain Cl(-) anions in PSII, whereas the D165V mutation does not affect PsbP function. Interestingly, H144A/D165V double mutation suppresses the effect of H144A mutation, suggesting that these residues have a role other than metal binding. FTIR difference spectroscopy suggests that H144A/D165V restores proper interaction with PSII and induces the conformational change around the Mn cluster during the S(1)/S(2) transition. Cross-linking experiments show that the H144A mutation affects the direct interaction between PsbP and the Cyt b(559) α subunit of PSII (the PsbE protein). However, this interaction is restored in the H144A/D165V mutant. In the PsbP structure, His-144 and Asp-165 form a salt bridge. H144A mutation is likely to disrupt this bridge and liberate Asp-165, inhibiting the proper PsbP-PSII interaction. Finally, mass spectrometric analysis has identified the cross-linked sites of PsbP and PsbE as Ala-1 and Glu-57, respectively. Therefore His-144, in the C-terminal domain of PsbP, plays a crucial role in maintaining proper N terminus interaction. These data provide important information about the binding characteristics of PsbP in green plant PSII.

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