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FASEB J. 2012 Oct;26(10):4068-78. doi: 10.1096/fj.12-212050. Epub 2012 Jun 15.

Helix 8 of leukotriene B4 receptor 1 inhibits ligand-induced internalization.

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Department of Medical Biochemistry, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Maidashi 3-1-1, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan.


Recent crystallographic studies revealed that G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) possess a putative cytoplasmic helical domain, termed helix 8, at the proximal region of the C-terminal tail. However, the significance of helix 8 in GPCR functions and signaling is not fully understood. Helix 8 mutants of leukotriene B4 receptor type 1 (BLT1) exhibit prolonged activation after ligand stimulation, suggesting some regulatory roles of helix 8 in GPCR signaling. Here, we report the inhibitory role of BLT1 helix 8 on ligand-dependent internalization using BLT1 and platelet-activating factor receptor as model GPCRs. Mutating the dileucine motif in helix 8 of BLT1 to alanines (BLT1 LLAA) enhanced LTB4-dependent internalization of BLT1, whereas wild-type (WT) BLT1 exhibited minimal internalization. Mutational studies revealed that phosphorylation of 5 serine/threonine residues between amino acids 308 and 319 of BLT1 was responsible for enhanced ligand-dependent internalization of BLT1 LLAA. BLT1 LLAA showed enhanced basal and ligand-dependent phosphorylation compared to WT BLT1. Taken together, helix 8 of BLT1 inhibits receptor internalization by suppressing the excessive phosphorylation of the C-terminal tail.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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