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Pathol Oncol Res. 2012 Oct;18(4):1085-9. Epub 2012 Jun 17.

Patterns of histological changes following hepatic electrolytic ablation in an ex-vivo perfused model.

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1
Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery, Leicester General Hospital, Leicester, UK. ggravante@hotmail.com

Abstract

Electrolytic ablation (EA) destroys the liver by releasing toxic radicles and producing modifications in the local pH without increasing the tissue temperature. We assessed the histological changes produced by EA using an ex-vivo perfused model. Five porcine livers were harvested, preserved in ice and reperfused for six hours in an extracorporeal circuit using autologous normothermic blood. One hour after reperfusion EA was performed and liver biopsies collected at the end of the experiments. The main necrotic zone consisted of coagulative necrosis, sinusoidal dilatation and haemorrhage with an unusual morphological pattern. The coagulative necrosis and haemorrhage affected mainly the peripheral area of the lobule with relative sparing of the area surrounding the centrilobular vein. Contrasting with this sinusoidal dilatation appeared to be more prominent in the centrilobular area. EA produces patterns of tissue destruction that have not been observed with the more commonly used thermal techniques. Further studies should obtain more information about the influence of adjacent biliary and vascular structures so that appropriate clinical trials can be designed.

PMID:
22706978
DOI:
10.1007/s12253-012-9549-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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