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Bioresour Technol. 2012 Aug;118:265-71. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2012.05.052. Epub 2012 May 18.

Redirecting the electron flow towards the nitrogenase and bidirectional Hox-hydrogenase by using specific inhibitors results in enhanced H2 production in the cyanobacterium Anabaena siamensis TISTR 8012.

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Program of Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand.


The inhibition of competitive metabolic pathways by various inhibitors in order to redirect electron flow towards nitrogenase and bidirectional Hox-hydrogenase was investigated in Anabaena siamensis TISTR 8012. Cells grown in BG11(0) supplemented with KCN, rotenone, DCMU, and DL-glyceraldehyde under light condition for 24 h showed enhanced H(2) production. Cells grown in BG11 medium showed only marginal H(2) production and its production was hardly increased by the inhibitors tested. H(2) production with either 20mM KCN or 50 μM DCMU in BG11(0) medium was 22 μmol H(2) mg chl a(-1) h(-1), threefold higher than the control. The increased H(2) production caused by inhibitors was consistent with the increase in the respective Hox-hydrogenase activities and nifD transcript levels, as well as the decrease in hupL transcript levels. The results suggested that interruption of metabolic pathways essential for growth could redirect electrons flow towards nitrogenase and bidirectional Hox-hydrogenase resulting in increased H(2) production.

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