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Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2012 Sep;74(1):54-61. doi: 10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2012.05.012. Epub 2012 Jun 15.

LEADER surveillance program results for 2010: an activity and spectrum analysis of linezolid using 6801 clinical isolates from the United States (61 medical centers).

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JMI Laboratories, North Liberty, IA 52317, USA.


The LEADER program monitors the in vitro activity of linezolid and comparator agents across the United States using reference broth microdilution and supportive molecular susceptibility-based investigations. This report summarizes the data from the 2010 program, the seventh consecutive year. A total of 61 medical centers from the USA including 7 medical centers specializing in children's healthcare provided a total of 6801 Gram-positive pathogens. The medical centers represented all 9 US Bureau of Census geographic regions. The organisms tested by reference broth microdilution were 3105 Staphylococcus aureus, 944 coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS), 934 Enterococci, 803 Streptococcus pneumoniae, 604 β-haemolytic streptococci, and 411 viridans group and other streptococci. The MIC(90) value for each of the above 6 targeted groups of organisms was 1 μg/mL. The "all organism" linezolid-resistant and nonsusceptible rate was 0.38%, which has been constant at 0.34% (2009) to 0.45% (2006) for the last 4 years. For Staphylococcus aureus, only 0.06% of the isolates were linezolid-resistant (MIC, ≥8 μg/mL); however, 2 additional methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus had a cfr and a MIC of only 4 μg/mL. Resistance to linezolid was detected in 7 enterococci (0.75%) and 14 CoNS isolates (1.48%). This also represents a stable rate of resistance noted since the 2006 LEADER program report. Of note, for the first time in the 7 years of the Leader Program a linezolid-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae was encountered. Overall, the results of the LEADER program demonstrate that linezolid maintains excellent in vitro activity against target Gram-positive pathogens across the USA. The LEADER program continues to provide valuable reference and molecular-level monitoring of linezolid activity.

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