Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Pediatr Surg. 2012 Jun;47(6):1135-42. doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2012.03.018.

Intestinal alkaline phosphatase administration in newborns is protective of gut barrier function in a neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis rat model.

Author information

Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA.



Previously, we have shown that supplementation of intestinal alkaline phosphatase (IAP) decreased severity of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC)-associated intestinal injury. We hypothesized that IAP administration is protective of intestinal epithelial barrier function in a dose-dependent manner.


Control rat pups were vaginally delivered and breast-fed. Premature rats were divided into 4 groups: formula fed with lipopolysaccharide and hypoxia (NEC) or additional daily bovine IAP 40, 4, or 0.4 U/kg (NEC + IAP 40 U, IAP 4 U, or IAP 0.4 U).


Necrotizing enterocolitis is associated with decreased IAP protein expression and activity. Supplemental IAP increases IAP activity in intestinal homogenates and decreased NEC injury score in a dose-dependent manner. Intestinal injury as measured by fluorescein isothiocyanate-dextran flux from ileal loops showed increased permeability vs control, but supplemental IAP reversed this. Tight junction proteins claudin-1, claudin-3, occludin, and zonula occludin 1 were elevated in the NEC and IAP-treated groups with differences in expression patterns. No differences in messenger RNA levels were observed on postinjury day 3. Intestinal alkaline phosphatase administration decreases intestinal NEC injury in a dose-dependent manner.


Early enteral supplemental IAP may reduce NEC-related injury and may be useful for preserving the intestinal epithelial barrier function.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center