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Future Microbiol. 2012 Jun;7(6):755-71. doi: 10.2217/fmb.12.48.

Candida species: new insights into biofilm formation.

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1
Unidad de Biotecnología Médica & Farmacéutica, Centro de Investigación & Asistencia en Tecnología & Diseño del Estado de Jalisco, AC, Guadalajara, Jalisco, México. mcuellar@ciatej.net.mx

Abstract

Biofilms of Candida albicans, Candida parapsilosis, Candida glabrata and Candida tropicalis are associated with high indices of hospital morbidity and mortality. Major factors involved in the formation and growth of Candida biofilms are the chemical composition of the medical implant and the cell wall adhesins responsible for mediating Candida-Candida, Candida-human host cell and Candida-medical device adhesion. Strategies for elucidating the mechanisms that regulate the formation of Candida biofilms combine tools from biology, chemistry, nanoscience, material science and physics. This review proposes the use of new technologies, such as synchrotron radiation, to study the mechanisms of biofilm formation. In the future, this information is expected to facilitate the design of new materials and antifungal compounds that can eradicate nosocomial Candida infections due to biofilm formation on medical implants. This will reduce dissemination of candidiasis and hopefully improve the quality of life of patients.

PMID:
22702528
DOI:
10.2217/fmb.12.48
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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