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Future Microbiol. 2012 Jun;7(6):685-703. doi: 10.2217/fmb.12.49.

Type III effector-mediated processes in Salmonella infection.

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Michael Smith Laboratories, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada.


Salmonella is one of the most successful bacterial pathogens that infect humans in both developed and developing countries. In order to cause infection, Salmonella uses type III secretion systems to inject bacterial effector proteins into host cells. In the age of antibiotic resistance, researchers have been looking for new strategies to reduce Salmonella infection. To understand infection and to analyze type III secretion as a potential therapeutic target, research has focused on identification of effectors, characterization of effector functions and how they contribute to disease. Many effector-mediated processes have been identified that contribute to infection but thus far no specific treatment has been found. In this perspective we discuss our current understanding of effector-mediated processes and discuss new techniques and approaches that may help us to find a solution to this worldwide problem.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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